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  • Author: Malgorzata Czetwertynska x
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Marta Kaczmarek-Ryś, Katarzyna Ziemnicka, Andrzej Pławski, Bartłomiej Budny, Michał Michalak, Szymon Hryhorowicz, Justyna Hoppe-Gołębiewska, Paweł Boruń, Monika Gołąb, Małgorzata Czetwertyńska, Maria Sromek, Marlena Szalata, Marek Ruchała and Ryszard Słomski

The clinical course of medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC) associated with the MEN2A syndrome as well as of sporadic MTC shows considerable heterogeneity. The disease picture varies not only between the same RET proto-oncogene mutation carriers but also among sporadic MTC patients with no RET germinal mutations, which suggests the involvement of additional modulators of the disease. However, genetic factors responsible for this heterogeneity of the MTC clinical course still remain unknown. The aim of this study was to determine if polymorphic variants or specific haplotypes of the RET gene may modify the MTC clinical course. We genotyped the following loci: c.73+9277T>C, c.135G>A, c.1296A>G, c.2071G>A, c.2307T>C, c.2508C>T and c.2712C>G in 142 MTC patients and controls. We demonstrated considerable differences in the genotypes distribution within c.73+9277T>C, c.135G>A and c.2307T>C loci. Our results show that the c.73+9277T variant associated with a decreased activity of the MCS+9.7 RET enhancer is rare in hereditary MTC patients with primary hyperparathyroidism, and thus, may influence the MTC clinical picture. The decreased activity of the RET promoter enhancer reduces RET expression level and may counterbalance the activating mutation in this gene. Frequent co-occurrence of the c.73+9277T allele with p.E768D, p.Y791F, p.V804M or p.R844Q RET mutations may be associated with their attenuation and milder clinical picture of the disease. Haplotypes analysis showed that C-G-A-G-T-(C)-C (c.73+9277T>C – c.135G>A – c.1296A>G – c.2071G>A – c.2307T>G – (c.2508C>T) – c.2712C>G) alleles combination predisposes to pheochromocytomas and primary hyperparathyroidism. We consider that RET haplotypes defining may become an auxiliary diagnostic tool in MTC patients.

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Frederic Castinetti, Ana Luiza Maia, Mariola Peczkowska, Marta Barontini, Kornelia Hasse-Lazar, Thera P Links, Rodrigo A Toledo, Sarka Dvorakova, Caterina Mian, Maria Joao Bugalho, Stefania Zovato, Maria Alevizaki, Andrei Kvachenyuk, Birke Bausch, Paola Loli, Simona R Bergmann, Attila Patocs, Marija Pfeifer, Josefina Biarnes Costa, Ernst von Dobschuetz, Claudio Letizia, Gerlof Valk, Marcin Barczynski, Malgorzata Czetwertynska, John T M Plukker, Paola Sartorato, Tomas Zelinka, Petr Vlcek, Svetlana Yaremchuk, Georges Weryha, Letizia Canu, Nelson Wohllk, Frederic Sebag, Martin K Walz, Charis Eng and Hartmut P H Neumann