Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 1 of 1 items for

  • Author: Yuanyuan Zhang x
  • All content x
Clear All Modify Search
Free access

Jingqi Fu, Hongzhi Zheng, Qi Cui, Chengjie Chen, Simeng Bao, Jing Sun, Lu Li, Bei Yang, Huihui Wang, Yongyong Hou, Yuanyuan Xu, Yuanhong Xu, Qiang Zhang, and Jingbo Pi

The transcription factor nuclear factor erythroid 2-like 1 (NFE2L1 or NRF1) is involved in various critical cell processes such as maintenance of ubiquitin-proteasome system and regulation of the cellular antioxidant response. We previously determined that pancreatic β-cell-specific Nfe2l1-knockout mice had hyperinsulinemia and that silencing of Nfe2l1 in mouse islets or MIN6 insulinoma β-cells induced elevated basal insulin release and altered glucose metabolism. Hypoglycemia is a major issue with aggressive insulinomas, although a role of NFE2L1 in this pathology is not defined. In the present work, we studied the tumorigenicity of Nfe2l1-deficient insulinoma MIN6 cells (Nfe2l1-KD) and sensitivity to chemotherapy. Nfe2l1-KD cells grew faster and were more aggressive than Scramble cells in vitro. In a mouse allograft transplantation model, insulinomas arising from Nfe2l1-KD cells were more aggressive and chemoresistant. The conclusion was amplified using streptozotocin (STZ) administration in an allograft transplantation model in diabetic Akita background mice. Furthermore, Nfe2l1-KD cells were resistant to damage by the chemotherapeutic drugs STZ and 5-fluorouracil, which was linked to binding of hexokinase 1 with mitochondria, enhanced mitochondrial membrane potential and closed mitochondrial potential transition pore. Overall, both in vitro and in vivo data from Nfe2l1-KD insulinoma cells provided evidence of a previously un-appreciated action of NFE2L1 in suppression of tumorigenesis. Nfe2l1 silencing desensitizes insulinoma cells and derived tumors to chemotherapeutic-induced damage, likely via metabolic reprograming. These data indicate that NFE2L1 could potentially play an important role in the carcinogenic process and impact chemosensitivity, at least within a subset of pancreatic endocrine tumors.