Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 10 of 1,383 items for :

  • "breast cancer" x
  • Refine by Access: All content x
Clear All
Free access

P This, A De La Rochefordière, K Clough, A Fourquet, H Magdelenat, and Breast Cancer Group of the Institut Curie

The current extension of the indications for adjuvant chemotherapy, which predisposes to early menopause, and the media coverage of the benefits of hormone replacement therapy (HRT) have led patients with a history of breast cancer to seek treatments for estrogen deprivation. In breast cancer survivors, most physicians avoid HRT because of concern regarding the potential promotion of growth of occult malignant cells by estrogens, due to the estrogen dependence of breast cancer. Soy phytoestrogens are being promoted as the 'natural alternative' to HRT and have been available without restrictions for several years as nutritional supplements. In this paper, data on the complex mammary effects of phytoestrogens in epidemiological studies, in in vitro studies, as well as in in vivo studies on animal carcinogenesis are reviewed. The potential benefits and risks of phytoestrogens are analyzed, and the prescription of phytoestrogens to postmenopausal women after breast cancer and the coprescription with the anti-estrogen tamoxifen are discussed. The absence of controlled trials and technical checking of extraction and titration in these preparations on 'free sale' raise a new problem in terms of public health and justify close reasoning and a cautious attitude of physicians, as well as straight information given to women, especially after breast cancer.

Free access

Nicola Normanno, Massimo Di Maio, Ermelinda De Maio, Antonella De Luca, Andrea de Matteis, Antonio Giordano, and Francesco Perrone

Introduction It has long been established that estrogen is involved in the pathogenesis of breast carcinoma, and that it sustains the growth of breast cancer cells that express the receptor for this hormone. Indeed, approximately 70

Free access

Elgene Lim, Gerard Tarulli, Neil Portman, Theresa E Hickey, Wayne D Tilley, and Carlo Palmieri

approximately 75% of all breast cancers. When present, ER drives neoplasia and is a bona fide therapeutic target. The underlying aim of current endocrine therapy is to either reduce ER activity or reduce receptor levels within breast cancer cells. Despite the

Free access

Thérèse Truong, Benoît Liquet, Florence Menegaux, Sabine Plancoulaine, Pierre Laurent-Puig, Claire Mulot, Emilie Cordina-Duverger, Marie Sanchez, Patrick Arveux, Pierre Kerbrat, Sylvia Richardson, and Pascal Guénel

natural circadian rhythm due to exposure to light at night has long been suspected to have an effect on breast cancer risk ( Stevens et al . 2014 ). In 2007, results from experimental and epidemiological studies led the International Agency for Research

Free access

Erin E Swinstead, Ville Paakinaho, and Gordon L Hager

chromatin accessibility occurs in cancers ( Denny et al . 2016 , Qu et al . 2017 ). Breast cancer is no exception, with alterations occurring in chromatin accessibility, TF action and regulation ( Jeselsohn et al . 2015 , D’Antonio et al . 2017

Free access

Keely M McNamara, Nicole L Moore, Theresa E Hickey, Hironobu Sasano, and Wayne D Tilley

Introduction The importance of androgenic hormones in breast cancer has been recognised for much of the last century. Despite little understanding of their cellular actions in breast tissue at the time, androgenic compounds were used as breast

Free access

Fahmida Rasha, Latha Ramalingam, Lauren Gollahon, Rakshanda Layeequr Rahman, Shaikh Mizanoor Rahman, Kalhara Menikdiwela, and Naima Moustaid-Moussa

Introduction Breast cancer (BC) is the most common type of cancer among women worldwide ( George et al. 2013 ) and the second leading cause of cancer deaths in US women ( Suganuma et al. 2005 ). Additionally, one in eight US women have a

Free access

Steven M Hill, Victoria P Belancio, Robert T Dauchy, Shulin Xiang, Samantha Brimer, Lulu Mao, Adam Hauch, Peter W Lundberg, Whitney Summers, Lin Yuan, Tripp Frasch, and David E Blask

exposure to light at night has been described as playing an important role in the development, promotion, and progression of breast cancer ( Reiter 1991 , Claustrat et al . 2005 , Jasser et al . 2006 , Reiter et al 2007 , Stevens et al . 2007

Free access

M Bullock

Introduction Breast cancer is a leading cause of female death worldwide. Each year, almost 1.4 million women are diagnosed with breast cancer, and the disease will be responsible for 450 000 deaths ( Siegel et al . 2011 ). This review will

Free access

Kevin C Knower, Sarah Q To, Yuet-Kin Leung, Shuk-Mei Ho, and Colin D Clyne

Introduction Normal growth and function of the mammary glands are dependent on the body's endocrine system. Many factors that influence breast cancer risk are therefore endocrine-associated processes, such as age at menopause, age at menarche