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Jay H Fowke, Charles E Matthews, Herbert Yu, Qiuyin Cai, Sarah Cohen, Maciej S Buchowski, Wei Zheng and William J Blot

energy availability. Several studies found an inverse association between body mass index (BMI) and IGF1 levels in whites ( Jernstrom et al . 2001 b , Gram et al . 2006 , Henderson et al . 2006 ). In contrast, analysis of MEC data found that

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J L Reverter, S Holgado, N Alonso, I Salinas, M L Granada and A Sanmartí

, body mass index (BMI) (weight in kg/ height m 2 ) and menstrual status served as controls. These controls received no remuneration and had never have been treated with LT4. Patients and controls completed a questionnaire on menstrual history

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Eva S Schernhammer, Shelley S Tworoger, A Heather Eliassen, Stacey A Missmer, Jeff M Holly, Michael N Pollak and Susan E Hankinson

et al. 2006 , Park et al. 2006 ) to adult body mass index (BMI; Carmichael & Bates 2004 ), has been related to premenopausal breast cancer risk, although the direction of the associations changes (positive with birth weight and inverse with adult

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Xilin Yang, Wing-Yee So, Ronald C W Ma, Gary T C Ko, Alice P S Kong, Qingsheng Wang, Clive S Cockram, Chun-Chung Chow, Juliana C N Chan and Peter C Y Tong

45.4% 51.0% 0.0362 b Body mass index (kg/m 2 ) 24.8 4.9 24.2 4.4 0.0043 a  <24.0 40.9% 48.9% 0.0097 b  24.0 –26.9 36.1% 32.1%  ≥27 23.0% 19.0% Duration of diabetes (years) 6 10 7 9 0.0314 a Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 134 27 137 27 0.0005 a

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Ken Chow, Stefano Mangiola, Jaideep Vazirani, Justin S Peters, Anthony J Costello, Christopher M Hovens and Niall M Corcoran

Introduction Having a higher body mass index (BMI) has been associated with a number of solid organ tumors, including prostate cancer ( Khandekar et al . 2011 ). Evidence accumulated over the last two decades consistently links obesity with

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Laure Dossus, Sabina Rinaldi, Susen Becker, Annekatrin Lukanova, Anne Tjonneland, Anja Olsen, Jakob Stegger, Kim Overvad, Nathalie Chabbert-Buffet, Aida Jimenez-Corona, Francoise Clavel-Chapelon, Sabine Rohrmann, Birgit Teucher, Heiner Boeing, Madlen Schütze, Antonia Trichopoulou, Vassiliki Benetou, Pagona Lagiou, Domenico Palli, Franco Berrino, Salvatore Panico, Rosario Tumino, Carlotta Sacerdote, Maria-Luisa Redondo, Noémie Travier, Maria-Jose Sanchez, Jone M Altzibar, Maria-Dolores Chirlaque, Eva Ardanaz, H Bas Bueno-de-Mesquita, Fränzel J B van Duijnhoven, N Charlotte Onland-Moret, Petra H M Peeters, Goran Hallmans, Eva Lundin, Kay-Tee Khaw, Nicholas Wareham, Naomi Allen, Tim J Key, Nadia Slimani, Pierre Hainaut, Dora Romaguera, Teresa Norat, Elio Riboli and Rudolf Kaaks

Cancer Research Fund/American Institute for Cancer Research 2007 ). Obese women (body mass index (BMI) >30 kg/m 2 ) have a threefold increased risk of developing endometrial cancer compared to normal weight women ( Calle & Kaaks 2004 , Reeves et al

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Petra H M Peeters, Annekatrin Lukanova, Naomi Allen, Franco Berrino, Tim Key, Laure Dossus, Sabina Rinaldi, Carla H van Gils, H Bas Bueno-de-Mesquita, Heiner Boeing, Mandy Schulz, Jenny Chang-Claude, Jakob Linseisen, Salvatore Panico, Carlotta Sacerdote, Domenico Palli, Rosario Tumino, Antonia Trichopoulou, Dimitrios Trichopolos, Christina Bamia, Nerea Larranaga, Eva Ardanaz, Guillem Pera, J Ramón Quirós, Carmen Martínez-García, Carmen Navarro, Sheila A Bingham, Kay-Tee Khaw, Françoise Clavel, Anne Tjonneland, Anja Olsen, Kim Overvad, Mette S Tetsche, Eiliv Lund, Eva Lundin, Göran Berglund, Elio Riboli and R Kaaks

assigned mean levels for the tertile categories. Confidence intervals (95%) were computed using the standard errors of the pertinent regression coefficients. Potential confounders included body mass index (BMI), age at menarche, parity, number of children

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Anne E Cust, Rudolf Kaaks, Christine Friedenreich, Fabrice Bonnet, Martine Laville, Anne Tjønneland, Anja Olsen, Kim Overvad, Marianne Uhre Jakobsen, Véronique Chajès, Françoise Clavel-Chapelon, Marie-Christine Boutron-Ruault, Jakob Linseisen, Annekatrin Lukanova, Heiner Boeing, Tobias Pischon, Antonia Trichopoulou, Bamia Christina, Dimitrios Trichopoulos, Domenico Palli, Franco Berrino, Salvatore Panico, Rosario Tumino, Carlotta Sacerdote, Inger Torhild Gram, Eiliv Lund, J R Quirós, Noémie Travier, Carmen Martínez-García, Nerea Larrañaga, María-Dolores Chirlaque, Eva Ardanaz, Göran Berglund, Eva Lundin, H Bas Bueno-de-Mesquita, Fränzel J B van Duijnhoven, Petra H M Peeters, Sheila Bingham, Kay-Tee Khaw, Naomi Allen, Tim Key, Pietro Ferrari, Sabina Rinaldi, Nadia Slimani and Elio Riboli

, but triglyceride levels differed significantly by fasting status, after accounting for case–control status, age, laboratory batch, and body mass index (BMI) in an analysis of covariance (data not shown). Thus, for triglycerides, different cut

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R Kaaks, S Rinaldi, T J Key, F Berrino, P H M Peeters, C Biessy, L Dossus, A Lukanova, S Bingham, K-T Khaw, N E Allen, H B Bueno-de-Mesquita, C H van Gils, D Grobbee, H Boeing, P H Lahmann, G Nagel, J Chang-Claude, F Clavel-Chapelon, A Fournier, A Thiébaut, C A González, J R Quirós, M-J Tormo, E Ardanaz, P Amiano, V Krogh, D Palli, S Panico, R Tumino, P Vineis, A Trichopoulou, V Kalapothaki, D Trichopoulos, P Ferrari, T Norat, R Saracci and E Riboli

menopause (years) (six categories). Chi-square tests were used to examine heterogeneity of association of breast cancer risk with hormone levels — e.g. by study centre, body mass index (BMI) categories, previous use of HRT. Results

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Wouter W de Herder and Charis Eng

recent years has been shown to take on a new bedfellow: cancer. In adults, obesity is defined as a body mass index (BMI) >30. A recent study demonstrated that the widely applied BMI formula (BMI=weight in pounds/(height in inches) 2 ×703; BMI=weight in